Cactus

Description

Cactus- the kind of the deserts

The Cactus is a member of the plant family called Cactacea , with around 1750 known species of the plant. Cactus is available in a variety of shapes, sizes and derives its name from a Latin name.Cactus are thorny plants that live in dry climates.

Cactus are plants with thorns.They have fleshy stems that helps them to store a large amount of water at a time. Though they are plants that usually grow in the desert, they require very less water to grow and consume water from the stored ones. Cactus spines are produced from structures known as the areoles. Flowers grow from these spines that are tubular and multipetaled.

Taxonomy

Cactus plants are divided into seven genera.There are different classifications of the cactus that grow in different parts of the world.There are various scientific names based on the classification and type specimen.

Distribution

The Saguaro Cactus in Mexico is the tallest species of cactus that can tower over 70 feet

The Saguaro Cactus in Mexico is the tallest species of cactus that can tower over 70 feet

Cactus is known to grow all over the world in different kinds of climate, though they prefer dry climates.They grow in coastal plains to high mountain areas.They are originally native to America and West Canada.They also grow in Mexico, Amazon basin, Asia, Sahara Desert in Africa and Central America.There are many species that grow in trpical and wet climates as well.

Habitat

Cactus displays a wide number of growth habits that are pretty complex.They can either be grown in tree like shape with a stem and several branches that are covered with leaves, as well as trees that are bare with just stems and thorns. Some cactus plants have stems of trees with no branches and some have several stems coming out from the ground and rooting at regular intervals.Cacutus usually grow in semi arid deserts

Cultivation

The grafted form of Gymnocalycium mihanovichii cactus grown in Israel

The grafted form of Gymnocalycium mihanovichii cactus grown in Israel

Cactus is found in a wider range of habitats and grow in many countries all across the world. Though they are known to grow in different climates, they usually prefer dry desert climates and tropical climates. The semi desert cactus and the  epiphytic cacti need different conditions to grow. Cactus can be cultivated in the greenhouse

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Scientific classification of Cactus

Cactus

Cactus

Cactus

Scientific Classification

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