Iris

Description

Iris- the best adornment for gardens

Iris is a genus of 260 species of flowering plants with beautiful colored flowers. The name has been derived from the Greek name rainbow and the Greek Goddess of Rainbow.There are a wide variety of this flower that is popularly grown in the garden

Iris are perennial flowers that grow from rhizomes as well as bulbs in the dry climate. They are known to have long and erect stems that are solid and hollow or flattened with a circular cross section. These species have around 3-10 basal sword shaped leaves that grow in dense clumps. The inflorescences are shaped like a fan and contain one or more flowers that droop downwards. The flowers are found in a variety of designs like dotted and lined designs.

Taxonomy

Clump of iris Cristata with a couple of crimson Columbines

Clump of iris Cristata with a couple of crimson Columbines

Iris is the largest genus of the Iridaceae family with up to 300 species. Many of them are known to be natural hybrids. The modern classifications start from the Dykes. Dykes are again sub grouped into Lawrence and Rodionenkowhile the six sun genera are classified into twelve sections.Of these, the sub genus Limneris is again divided into 16 sections. In general, the modern classifications usually recognize six sub genera in which five come from the Old world and the last one has a Holarctic distribution.

Distribution

All species of Iris are found in the temperate Northern hemisphere zones ranging from Europe to Asia as well as North America. Iris is usually found in dry and semi desert areas or cold, rocky mountains and grassy slopes, meadow lands, riverbanks and bogs.

Habitat

An Iris flower that has bloomed in the Spring time

An Iris flower that has bloomed in the Spring time

Iris is known to grow in clumps by the river sides or shallow water and ponds and banks. They are often introduced in garden ponds as ornamental plants.It grows in a large variety of soil types ranging from beaches to gravel beds, on rhizomes that grow over bare rocks and roots. It also tolerates a high level of organic soil and low level of oxygen.

Cultivation

Iris is grown as an ornamental plant in homes as well as in botanical gardens. Some of the most well decorated gardens in Europe have been adorned with Iris flowers. Iris requires any kind of garden soil that has been well drained. Due to various kins of geographic origins, the cultivation needs of iris differ greatly.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scientific classification of Iris

Iris

Orders

Iris

Iris

Scientific Classification

SmurfPlant - Plants Kingdom

95 103 Total Plants,Do a search of plants and plant species, to learn more about plants

Osage orange

It is an uncommon tree. Fruits are grown. They are available in varying colors. Why don’t you plant them. Hedge apple tree is a small to medium-sized tree. This tree looks like a short trunk and a rounded or irregular crown shape. The height of a hedge apple tree is between 8 to 15 meters.

Peony

How about growing Peony as a garden plant? They appear to be attractive. It is a sheer delight for every gardener. Grow them today. It is a deciduous perennial shrub or herb consisting of thick and thin roots for gathering water and minerals and allowing the plant to grow adequately. It is a flowering plant,

Mitragyna speciosa

The narcotic effect fruits Do you want to enjoy the natural narcotic effect? How about considering Kratom tree? It is native of Malaysia. Today is grown in the majority of the world. Kratom, also known as Mitragyna Speciosa is considered as a psychoactive tree with a wide array of uses. In the recent years, the